Bharat Mein Kul Kitne Rajya Hain: Ek Samagra Jaankari

Bharat ke baare mein baat karte hain. Bharat, yaani Hindustan, ek vividhata se bhari hui desh hai. Yeh desh duniya ka sabse bada loktantrik desh hai aur isme 28 rajya aur 8 kendra shasit pradesh hain. To chaliye, shuru karte hain humare samagra jankari ke saath ‘Bharat mein kul kitne rajya hain’.

Rajya aur Kendra Shasit Pradesh

Bharat ka prachin itihas aur bhugolik sthiti ke karan, yeh desh prakriti aur sanskriti dono mein sampann hai. Is desh ke har rajya apne mool bhavnao aur vicharon se sanpann hai. Rajyaon ki sankhya mein vridhi hote hue, Bharat ek samriddh, vividhata se bhara hua ek mahasagar ban raha hai, jahan prakriti ke saundarya aur sanskriti ka sampark milta hai.

Bharat ke Rajya

Bharat ke 28 rajya hain jo apne bhasha, sanskriti, aitihasik mahatva aur vikas ki drishti se mahatvapurn hain. Yeh rajya hain:

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  8. Haryana
  9. Himachal Pradesh
  10. Jharkhand
  11. Karnataka
  12. Kerala
  13. Madhya Pradesh
  14. Maharashtra
  15. Manipur
  16. Meghalaya
  17. Mizoram
  18. Nagaland
  19. Odisha
  20. Punjab
  21. Rajasthan
  22. Sikkim
  23. Tamil Nadu
  24. Telangana
  25. Tripura
  26. Uttar Pradesh
  27. Uttarakhand
  28. West Bengal

Har rajya ka apna ek visheshta aur alag mahatva hai. In rajyon ki ek jhalak prapt karne ke liye, log vahan ki bhasha, nritya, sangeet, kala, sahitya, itihas aur sthalon ka anubhav karte hain.

Kendra Shasit Pradesh

Iske alawa, Bharat mein 8 kendra shasit pradesh bhi hain. Yeh pradesh nimnlikhit hain:

  1. Andaman aur Nicobar Islands
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Dadra aur Nagar Haveli aur Daman aur Diu
  4. The Government of NCT of Delhi
  5. Lakshadweep
  6. Puducherry
  7. Ladakh
  8. Jammu and Kashmir

In pradeshon mein bhi alag-alag sanskriti aur aitihasik virasat ka anubhav kiya ja sakta hai. Kendra shasit pradesh Bharat sarkar ke niyantran me hote hain, jabki rajya atyadhik swatantr hai apne kshetra ke vikas ke nirnay lene mein.

Bharat ka Rajyon mein Bantavara

Bharat ke vibhinn rajyon ka bantavara itihas, bhasha, aitihasik aur bhugolik karanon par adharit hai. Is bantavara ka udbhav vibhinn samrajyon ke sthapakon, samvidhan ke janak Dr. B.R. Ambedkar aur anya samajik netaon ke nirnayon par adharit hai. Har rajya ka apna vidhan sabha hota hai jo us rajya ke muddon par nirnay leta hai.

Bharat ke Rajyon ke Visheshta

Bharat ke rajyon ke alag-alag visheshtaen hain jo unhe ek dusre se alag banati hain. Yeh visheshtaen bhasha, aitihasik mahatva, dharmik mahol, rang-roop, kala, sahitya, nritya, sangeet aur khaas aakhyan hote hain. Kuch rajyon ke visheshtaen nimnlikhit hain:

Kerala

Kerala ko “God’s Own Country” ke roop mein jana jata hai. Yahan ki prakriti, samriddh sanskriti aur vikas ki drishti se pramukh hai. Kerala kathakali nritya, mohiniyattam, kalaripayattu, kerala sadya ke lie prasiddh hai.

Rajasthan

Rajasthan ki rajdhani Jaipur ko “Pink City” ke naam se jana jata hai. Yahan ke ghumne ki jagahen, kile, mahal aur uske rich virasat ko darshate hain. Rajasthan ki vadiyaan, samajik sanskriti, rajasthani bhasha, kala aur sangeet Bharat ki visheshtaon mein se ek hai.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu ki madrasi bhasha, bharatnatyam nritya, dravidian sanskriti aur gharelu rajnikanth ke fan duniya bhar mein mashhoor hain. Yahan ki meenakshi mandir, mahabalipuram ki stupaen aur chennai ka marina beach pramukh akarshan hain.

Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh ko “Dev Bhoomi” ke roop mein jana jata hai. Yahan ki pahadi sanskriti, mandiron ka sthal, kulu-manali ki sundarata aur shimla ki seethuton mein kuch khaas hai. Yahan ki prakriti aur khubsurti manushya ko akarshit karti hai.

Assam

Assam ki assamese bhasha, bihu nritya, kaziranga aur manas rashtriya udyan, brahmaputra nadi aur guwahati ke kamakhya mandir ne ise ek vishesh rajya banaya hai. Assam ki prakriti aur vanaspati aur yahan ke logon ki sajawat yahan ke visheshta hai.

Bharat Ke Rajyon Mein Rajyon Ke Mukhyamantri

Har rajya ka ek mukhyamantri hota hai jo us rajya ke vikas aur prashasan ke liye zimmedar hota hai. Bharat ke vibhinn rajyon ke mukhyamantri aur unke karya kshetra nimn prakar hain:

  1. Uttar Pradesh – Yogi Adityanath
  2. Madhya Pradesh – Shivraj Singh Chouhan
  3. Haryana – Manohar Lal Khattar
  4. Rajasthan – Ashok Gehlot
  5. Maharashtra – Uddhav Thackeray
  6. Delhi – Arvind Kejriwal
  7. Kerala – Pinarayi Vijayan
  8. Gujarat – Vijay Rupani
  9. West Bengal – Mamata Banerjee

In mukhyamantriyon ke pramukh uddeshya rajya ki vikas yojnaon, samajik karyakramaon aur sarkari kakshaon ko nirdeshit karna hota hai.

Bharat Ke Rajyon Mein Bhashaen

Bharat ek bhashaon ka desh hai jahan vibhinn bhashaon mein log ek saath rehte hain. Kuch mukhya bhashaen hain:

  1. Hindi
  2. Tamil
  3. Telugu
  4. Marathi
  5. Bengali
  6. Gujarati
  7. Urdu
  8. Punjabi
  9. Malayalam
  10. Odia

Har rajya ki apni pramukh bhasha hoti hai jise vahan ke log bhasha, sahitya, sangeet aur kala mein istemal karte hain. Yeh bhashaon ki vividhata hi Bharat ki visheshtaon mein se ek hai.

Bharat Mein Kul Kitne Jile Hain?

Bharat mein lagbhag 718 jile hain jo rajyon ke bantavara ko prakriya karne mein madadgar hote hain. Har jila apne pramukh shahar, sthal, aitihasik sthal, vanaspati aur prakriti se sampann hota hai.

Bharat Ke Rajyon Mein Samskruti

Bharat ki samskruti ek mishran hai purani sabhyataon, aitihasik ghatnaon, aur vikas ki gathaon ka. Har rajya apni samskruti aur virasat ko garv se samjhta hai. Yahan kuch mahatvapurn samskrutik virasaton ki ek chhavi di gayi hai:

  1. Rajasthan ki Rajputana Virasat – Rajasthan ki rajputana virasat mein kile, mahal, veer gathaen aur rajwadaon ka bhaav hai.
  2. Punjab Ki Bhangra Aur Giddha – Punjab ki bhangra aur giddha ki dhum machati dikhayi deti hai har festivals aur khushiyan manaate hue.
  3. Assam Ki Bihu Samskriti – Assam ki bihu samskriti mein fasal ka tyohaar, bihu nritya aur assamese bhasha ka mahatva hai.
  4. Gujarat Ki Garba Raas – Gujarat ki navratri mein garba raas ka mahatva adbhut hai jahan log ek dusre ke saath nachte hain.
  5. Kerala Ki Kathakali Sangeet Natak – Kerala ki kathakali sangeet natak mein rachnaatmakata, sundarta aur nritya ka madhur milan dikhai deta hai.

Bharat ke rajyon ka vividhata mein hi unki sajivta aur samriddhi ka raaz chhupa hua hai.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Bharat mein kul kitne rajya hain?

Bharat mein 28 rajya hain jo apne swatantra vidhan sabha aur sarkari pratishthan ke saath ek alag prashashan prakriya ko anjam dete hain.

2. Kendra Shasit Pradesh kya hote hain?

Kendra Shasit Pradesh Bharat sarkar ke niyantran me hote hain aur unme 8 pradesh shamil hain jo alag prashasanik vyavastha ke saath kendra ki madad se chalate hain.

3. Bharat ke kaun se rajya bhasha ke roop mein pramukh hain?

Bharat mein Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali jaise kai pramukh bhashaen hain jo pramukh rajya bhashaen hain.

4. Bharat ke kaun se rajya Bharat ki sanskriti mein vishesh sthan rakhte hain?

Bharat ke rajya jaise Kerala, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh aadi Bharat ki siddhantik virasat, kala, nritya, sangeet, aur aitihasik mahatva mein vishesh sthan rakhte hain.

5. Bharat ke rajyon mein kul kitne jile hain?

Bharat mein lagbhag 718 jile hain jo rajyon ke bantavara aur prashasan me madadgar hote hain.

In sawalon ke jawabon ke madhyam se Bharat ke rajyon aur unki visheshtaon ko samajhna aur mahatva ko samajhne mein madad milti hai.

Samast rup se, Bharat ka bantavara rajyon aur kendra shasit pradeshon ke madhyam se us samaj ki ekta aur vikas mein mahatvapurn bhumika nibhata hai. Har rajya apne sajiv sanskriti, virasat aur vikas ke liye garv mehsoos karta hai. Yatra ki drishti se bhi Bharat ek anutha desh hai jahan prakriti ki saundarya, samriddh sanskriti aur loktantrik vichardhara ka madhur mel hai.

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